Cleaning the Board During PCB Fabrication

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Manufacturing most types of products for things like flash lights will require PCB fabrication for the product design. These boards should be free from contaminations during the entire creation process. This will help it operate with low incidences of failures in the long run.

Before the actual PCB fabrication phase, cleaning the substrate of the bare board will prevent some problems from taking place during the process of generation of the traces on the board.

PCB fabricationAfter soldering the components on the PCB using a solder flux, you will also have to perform cleaning. Before releasing a PBC for use, you have to thoroughly clean the board as well. This will help remove excess flux and oils on the surface.

In cleaning the board during the PCB fabrication phase, you have to prepare some tools and materials.

Preparing all of the tools and materials for the task will help you save a lot of time. Also, this can help you set up a safe working environment for you and the people who may frequent the vicinity.

  • Drying oven
  • Cotton tipped swabs
  • Acetone
  • Isopropyl alcohol
  • Plastic container
  • Deionized water
  • Metal-free soap
  • Plastic scrub pad
  • Rubber or latex gloves

You have to take care of cleaning the substrate first.

Before you do this, you should wear a pair of rubber of latex gloves similar to the PCB fabrication process. One of the most common contaminants that you should not allow the board to have is oil. During the cleaning process, this may come from your hands. This can keep the surface of the PCB from evenly accepting the resist.

Using a plastic scrub pad, you should scrub the board so you can get rid of the oxide coatings on the copper portion of your board. You should not use water in scrubbing because this can promote the production of a new type of oxide that will eventually coat the board. In cleaning during this phase, you have to handle the board by its edges. This will help encourage less contact with the copper parts.

Combine some metal free soap with deionized water. Place the mixture in a large container. The container should be enough to hold the entire finished PCB. Rinse your board in some mild board solution. Rinsing in this manner can help get rid of most of the oil residues and inorganic contaminants from the surface of your board.

To further help you get rid of the remaining contaminants, you have to wash the board in isopropyl alcohol bath. This will help you deal with the stubborn organic residues on the surface of the board. Finally, rinse the board using acetone. This will help get rid of the water or alcohol that may have been left adhered to the board because this can quickly evaporate.

Cleaning the finished board is the next phase in dealing with the entire circuit board.

Similar to the first part of cleaning, you have to put on your gloves as usual. Then, you have to dip a swab with cotton tips in isopropyl alcohol and scrub each of the solder connection on your PCB. You need to scrub both sides of your board where the solder connections were created.

Clean the board using deionized water to get rid of remaining residues such as isopropyl alcohol and metal free soap. Finally, place the board inside an oven that has been preheated to 100 degree Celsius for drying. You have to do this for around five minutes. After this, the finished and cleaned board will be ready for testing.

“Plating” procedures are essential in PCB fabrication.

February 14, 2015

Men’s Golf Apparel Fashion

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The type of material and design used in golf apparel is dependent on the country and the weather. Some countries have a colder climate such as those in Great Britain need to make use of tweed and woollen fabrics for their golf clothing. The reason for this is that tweed and wool is appropriate for the changing weather. However, some of these materials are considered to be heavy and may result in a less efficient golf swing for the golfer.

Sports performance companies have increased their focus on improving fabric technology by making it more lightweight and breathable. The purpose of which is to improve the golf performance by effectively mixing a good combination of fabrics on their offered apparels.This is because golf fashion remains the same when it was first introduced, which promotes the use of flat-front pants in the golf course. It is fortunate for golfers in countries with a warmer climate that the use of shorts is allowed for practice plays.

golf apparelThe use of shorts is however not allowed for competitions since these are normally televised and does not look aesthetically pleasing. The increasing popularity of televising numerous sports has resulted in a more fashionable golf apparel since the objective is to improve the sales volume of the sports apparel. However, each golfer has their own sense of style, which means that each one has a hand in developing their apparel collection. New golfers want to copy the style of their sports idol by dressing the part and using the same brand.

This is because golf is not only a game but also a lifestyle. This is seen in the development of a slimmer, cleaner and fashionable style by minimizing the appearance of the brand name or logo. But the style design is perceived to be more funky as seen in the popularity of unusual colors and prints such as paisley and plaid. Fortunately for the golfer, these golf fashions are considered to be distracting to the competitors. The reason for this is that some competitors are easily distracted by funky golf fashion due to the use of flashy colors.

Some professional golfers are confident enough to wear clothing with outrageous colors and patterns. However, a significant number of professionals and new golfers still prefer to wear the traditional golf style using collared shirts and flat-front pants. The reason for this is that most corporate individuals prefer to look professional in and out of the golf course rather than look like a colorful billboard ad.

Traditionalist golfers prefer the classic look for their apparel since golf is considered to be a stylish game. Some of the most popular men’s golf apparel are made with concealed details rather than showy logos. One of these small but important detail is that addition of a rubber strip inside the waistband of the golf pants. The purpose of which is to prevent the collared shirt from untucking while the golfer is swinging the golf club. This is not only a functional feature of the golf pants but is also aesthetically pleasing when in front of camera crews.

Some of the new and popular developments in golf apparel is seen in the more streamlined look. This is especially seen in the golf pants, where some golf wear companies include a 2-inch zip at the hem of the pants. This is because professional golfers will need to adjust the fall of the trousers over their shoes. In line with this, golf wear companies also design golf accessories that will further improve the look of the golfer by creating matching bags, gloves, hats, and even belts.

One of the most popular golf apparel designs are the ones that revive the classic and minimalist styles of the bygone eras where golf is considered to be a rich man’s sport. This is seen in the use of short sleeved collared shirts, fitted cardigan style jackets, classic caps, sun visors, and tasteful leather belts.

Author Bio:

Traditionalist golfers prefer the classic look for their apparel since golf is considered to be a stylish game. The Cave is full of golf apparel from the top brands like Callaway, Adidas, Nike, and more! You'll save with "rock bottom" prices on all my outerwear.

February 7, 2015

The important Roles of an Employee Engagement Survey to an Organization

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Some companies, especially those that are confident about the great benefits and satisfying working conditions that they are giving their workforce, often forgo conducting an employee engagement survey. When they see that their employees “seem” satisfied, based on low attrition rates and smooth daily operations, they conclude right away that everything is all right. Even if the assumption is correct, an employee engagement survey is still very important and here are the reasons why.

Employee engagement surveyFirst, it serves as a voice for the employees. Workers and staffs seldom verbally convey their dissatisfaction and grievances for fear of a backlash or being the cause of ill feelings between colleagues. Still, their concerns need to be heard if the management is serious about making life better for the employees. Engagement surveys are the best means to draw out these issues and encourage everyone to speak out. The management can learn a lot of information from this activity, while employees will feel that they and their opinions are valued by the company.

Second, an employee engagement survey is an effective way of measuring engagement. The management should not just work on their assumptions but rather get hard data to support or prove them wrong. By looking at the honest answers given by the employees, the results can be tabulated and presented in a formal manner so that the management can see clearly if the staffs are truly engaged or not.

Third, engagement surveys help spot misunderstandings or petty problems before they become major ones. Employee dissatisfaction does not happen overnight. Usually, it is caused by a collection of numerous little disappointments or frustrations at work. If surveys are done regularly, the management has the chance to pinpoint these small issues before they blow out of proportion and cost them their most trusted and efficient employee. Remember that the ultimate goal of an employee engagement survey is to strengthen the employees’ commitment to the company, which in turn will be the company’s driving force to success. Failure to identify dissatisfactions at their early stages can result to losing able employees, which can disturb the productivity of an organization.

Fourth, it improves and increases engagement. Even if the company’s assumptions about the strong satisfaction and commitment of their employees are correct, conducting surveys will just further strengthen that commitment and that will in turn do a lot of good for the company. You can end up being the bench mark in your industry that others have to emulate in able to attain as much success in satisfying and keeping their workforce. You have to remember that this is not all about preventing mass resignations, but also about creating a good reputation in your industry. With increased engagement, you will be a huge threat to your competitors in attracting the best professionals and gaining the trust of clients.

Fifth, engagement surveys can help a company in designing and directing its future practices. As they say, nothing in this world is constant, and that includes the projects implemented in a business. What works before may not be working anymore or slowly losing its relevance. With the help of an engagement survey, you can see for certain if, for example, the benefits that you are giving your staffs are still substantial or not. Maybe the employees are looking for something better in terms of salary or working conditions. Fortunately, engagement surveys can give you hard facts on these.

Even if you are not losing key personnel in your workforce and even if everything is working fine within the organization, this does not necessarily mean that everyone in the company is satisfied. Remove that doubt from your mind by conducting an engagement survey and know for certain where the company stands in terms of being a good employer—not just in giving competitive wages but also in ensuring that the working environment is conducive for professional and personal satisfaction.

February 3, 2015

Buying and Renting Storage Containers

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The availability and versatility of cargo containers make them mainstays for commercial storage and even residential use. If you are planning to buy or rent storage containers, then you must consider three factors so you can choose the most cost-effective container to suit your needs.

1. What will you use it for?

Storage containersYour purpose for renting and buying storage containers will largely dictate the specific features that you will be looking for in your container. What started out as a transport commodity is now being used as portable storage, portable homes, portable offices and even modular medical clinics. Here are some basic container features and their significance to how containers will be used:

  • Free of toxic chemicals – This is particularly critical if a container will be used for human habitation such as in the case of portable homes and offices. Container floors are lined with wood that are heavily treated with potent chemicals to protect them from pest infestation while lead-based paints are used to protect the steel body of containers from damage from constant exposure to the open seas.
  • If you are going to use storage containers for human habitation, you should prioritize knowing if the container that you will buy has undergone treatments to remove the harmful chemicals. If not, make sure such treatments will be done before furnishing. For added security, some put coatings made of epoxy on the floors after treatment to “seal in” any toxic fumes that may be left. Theoretically, Epoxy acts like a vapor barrier that blocks chemical vapors from escaping into the immediate vicinity.
  • Insulation – Containers that will be used for residential/office purposes as well as for the storage of temperature sensitive items must be properly insulated. Heat pumps, air-conditioning units and heaters, as well as ventilation accomplish this for storage purposes. If a container will be used for human occupation, then lining the steel walls with insulating materials will be more cost-efficient than simply installing ventilation and air-conditioning units (the conductive steel body of containers makes them act as ovens in summer and freezers in the winter and installing temperature control units will require extensive power consumption).
  •  Security – If your house is in renovation and you decided to move-in temporarily with a relative or a friend, furniture and appliances can be stored for safe-keeping in storage containers. In this case, security is of top importance. Security options range from steel doors and locks to motion detectors that trigger sirens or lights. Some containers also come with additional lock boxes inside them as a last line of defense against theft. These theft proofing features are particularly important if storage will be on-site. There are some container companies that offer keeping your containers in their own secure compounds.

Used vs. brand-new – Basically, most containers used today by container companies are already utilized to some extent. When used to transport goods from other parts of the world, it is a common practice to leave behind containers in the destination because it is not cost-efficient to ship them back empty to the country of origin. Most companies rent or sell containers that are fully refurbished.

For this case, the wear and tear of the containers can be affected after repeated renting and leasing. As such, when buying, leasing or even just renting storage containers, your eye must be keen for cracking and dents in the metal structure as these affect the weather resistance and water proofing capacity of containers.

2. Transport, loading and unloading

Ground-level containers offer easy loading and unloading which is important for on-site storage. Some companies even deploy self-loading trucks that automatically load and unload ground-level cargo containers. For ground-level containers, surfaces where it will be deployed must be smooth, leveled and relatively firm.

If surface is a little softer than usual (such as a lawn), at least sufficient support must be provided on the four corners (containers are specifically designed to be self-supporting on its four corners). For other types of containers, make sure your container company provides cranes and fork-lift for easy loading and unloading. For long-range transport, ships, trains and even aircrafts can be employed.

3. Ease of access

Uncomplicated access will facilitate loading and unloading of cargo that will save time. Most containers come with double doors that provide easy access during loading and unloading of large cargo. For commercial storage of goods such as surplus merchandises, an industrial personnel door might be preferred. This personnel door is complete with locks and handles and sometimes overhead ledges.

Wooden doors can also be used especially for containers that will be used for residential purposes because wooden doors are more “homely” and cost less. Sliding and roll-up doors are good options for fairly large items like furniture and appliances.

January 30, 2015

5 Unconventional Uses for the Conventional Lanyard

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If you’re that kind of person who works or studies someplace where IDs and their badge lanyards are replaced every year, attends a lot of events, and/or just loves the look of lanyards and can’t help getting new ones, you have likely formed a collection of old lanyards. It seems like a waste to just throw them out. They’re thin, long, and tough. Those characteristics should account for something, right?

Well, have no fear! You can reuse your lanyards for practical applications in your home or office. Here are five suggestions for you.

1. Door or Window Stopper

Badge LanyardsIf you live or work in a very windy area, your window and/or door probably closes or opens even when you don’t want it to because the winds are sometimes too strong. To prevent this, you could braid a few lanyards together until they reach your desired length, nail one end to the wall, and hook the other end to your doorknob or window handle. Another method is to nail or glue a hook to the wall, stick one end of the lanyard to your door or window, and place the other end on the hook when you want to keep them in a certain position. If you don’t like random objects hanging off your walls, you could place a hook on the wall and hide the lanyards somewhere, like a cabinet. When the opportunity calls, just retrieve the lanyard and loop one end to the hook and the other to the doorknob or window handle.

2. Storage tags

If you’re like most people, you likely keep your old things in boxes and hide them at the top or bottom of your cabinet, or even in the attic. Badge lanyards have different designs, so they can be used as alternative or additional tags for actual written markers. Just let their ends jut out from the box to where they’re easily seen. These are especially useful if you want to retrieve a particular object but don’t want to go through the process of individually reading your storage box tags.

3. Storage Handles

Another benefit to lanyards is that these could be used as a sort of handle. Once you’ve identified the box you want to use, just pull on the lanyard that’s hanging out of it. If it’s placed securely inside the box, then the box will probably be pulled along with it. Alternatively, you could stick the lanyard to the top or side of the box so you won’t have to worry about it slipping off without the box.

4. Clothesline

Most people use their shower rod to dry clothes that are too sensitive for the dryer. This often means that they have to keep the shower curtain open, resulting in a very wet and messy bathroom.

Badge lanyards are long and thin. You could cut them up and sew several cut lanyards together to form a clothesline of your choice length. Then, tie either end or loop them unto hooks on the wall to put them up. You now have a place to hang those clothes that are too sensitive for the dryer. The great thing about this is it can be easily attached or detached from the wall as you see fit.

5. Accessory hanger.

In the same manner as the clothesline, you could cut up, sew together, and put up a line of lanyards and hang your accessories there. The best would be those that are long and/or could be looped, like belts, scarves, your present badge lanyards and IDs, and necklaces.

Hopefully, these suggestions would help you get your creative juices rolling. Maybe you could think of other ways to use those old badge lanyards.

January 23, 2015

Finding a good school near your Garden City real estate property

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After moving in to your new Garden City real estate home, there are a lot of things you now have to think about. As a parent, one of these things is in which school you are going to send your kids. Lucky for you, there are a lot of schools that are close to the residential area you can consider. Garden City is not only known as a town that loves history and art, it is also an extremely conducive environment to education.

Real estateThe percentage of high school graduates that proceed to college is at 95%, with foreign language classes being a requirement in the final year of high school as well. Finding a good school near your Garden City real estate property is an easy task thanks to the closeness of these schools to the community. The website of the local government will already provide you with the necessary numbers for you to call in your search for a good school.

Garden City’s public high school is the Garden City High School. It has been ranked as one of the best high schools in the US in 2011, where the graduation rate is at 99%. One of the things that this high school is famous for is its high achievement in athletics and its athletic teams. Popular athletes such as Carl Braun (player for the New York Knicks) are graduates of this school. Garden City’s lacrosse team has already been recognized as the second best high school team in the country in 2011. This would be a great place to send kids who like sports for them to be trained.

Another excellent school in the Garden City area, located near almost every Garden City real estate is the Waldorf School of Garden City. The school utilizes a dynamic academic program which help students to develop a discipline approach to learning. When it comes to the subject matter, the school’s high school program offers a solid curriculum for its learners.

For college, student regularly go on to institutions of their own choice. Constructed with a thought-ful and effective curriculum, as well as an inclusive athletic program that emphasize a healthy and holistic child development, these schools’ physical education and after-school sport program allow students to see themselves as strong, cooperative and disciplined individuals.

Another good school you could consider is the Homestead School of Garden City. Seeking to create an environment for learning which enables each of their students the opportunity to individually grow as well as a group member while striving to achieve the optimal level of academic and social success, Homestead’s curriculum is designed to make students think creatively starting at a young age.

All of these schools set up their own Code of Conduct, which makes sure that the school continues to be a positive and safe place to learn. Students are reminded of some of the important things they have to learn and not be afraid to tell, such as cases of bullying. However, there is not much worry in bullying when you are sending kids in a Garden City school, since the rules are strictly enforced.

At whatever educational level your child is, once you’ve moved into your new Garden City real estate home, it will be an important matter for you to find a suitable school. Garden City schools provide great environments conducive for learning.

Poised to be the fastest growing Garden City Real Estate company in Nassau & Suffolk Counties.

January 22, 2015

Things that a Motivational Speaker Needs to Consider

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When it comes to public speaking, one of the most common forms of the activity is that of motivational speaking. In this case, there are different ways to deliver a speech and it is possible for the public speaker to target varying audience types. The speaker just needs to have one main goal and that is to influence change.

motivational speakerIt may be a significant change in the way that a person sees a negative predicament or the kind of change that improves the acceptance rate of workers when it comes to new company policies. Regardless of the purpose, the important component here is changing from the negative to the positive.

Just like other public speakers, there are certain things that a person needs to consider if he is interested in becoming a motivational speaker. This job does not merely revolve on speaking. It does not merely focus on encouraging people to change. There is actually a lot of work that goes into one speech alone let a career of delivering them. The most important thing that these speakers should be capable of is the ability to share something very important with others.

The thing about valuable information is that when shared, these can easily affect a number of people in a positive manner. Aside from having reliable and relevant information, it is necessary for the motivational speaker to have adequate writing abilities. When preparing a speech, the tone should be lively. It should be brilliant but substantive.

If possible, he should also make it funny or entertaining at some areas. This is so that the speaker will be able to get the attention of audience members and retain it for the duration of the speech. Here, a shorter speech is usually better than a long one so it is best to keep things under an hour.

Differentiating one’s speech is another important thing to consider. People do not like hearing the same things over and over again. They will not come to see a particular speaker when they have heard a similar speech elsewhere. Chances are if people appear at a conference with motivational speakers, it means that they are still in the search for aid with whatever issues they have yet to resolve. Having a good speech is one thing. Having one which is different from the rest is an entirely different matter.

In the profession of public speaking, even the best speakers commit the mistake of presenting a speech when it is not yet ready. Given the distinct environment that the motivational speaker exists in, it is not okay for an unfinished or unpolished speech to be delivered. Whatever you say will affect the lives of those who hear it so it has to contain the best series words that you can think of. Something that can help with the editing process is the inclusion of other industry experts. These people can give a lot of beneficial criticism and suggestions that will make the speech truly extraordinary.

It is not enough for the motivational speaker to give a series of potential solutions to a problem being discussed. Since people are attending conferences to get the help that they need, the speaker should give them a concrete solution. This means that if he has not experienced their situation for himself, he should do ample research to know what the right course of action will be. He should be mindful of what will work and what will not work.

Before presenting the speech to a significant target audience, the motivational speaker should do several test runs so that he will have the opportunity to make the necessary tweaks along the way.

January 21, 2015

Custom Coins and the Significance They Bear

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Originally, challenge coins were designed as medallions to be presented by the leaders of military units to their group of elite soldiers. No one really knows how these custom coins came to be but out of the many stories that revolved around it, the most known tale of origin is traced back to the time of the First World War. Back then, it was believed that a lieutenant had coins minted with his flight squadron’s emblem and gave it to the members as a sign of brotherhood. Challenge coins then assumed such a name because members of the unit can “challenge” others to show their own coins.

The military grounds (the birthplace of the challenge coins) and the dedicated soldiers who started and continued the tradition were the ones who gave these coins their first purpose and significance. Since the beginning of this custom, these challenge coins have been presented to military members by their leaders as a symbol of their unit’s bond.

custom coinsWith the advent of more advanced technology, challenge coins now come in all shapes and sizes. You can even have these coins customized, from their metal styles and edge cuts to 3D designs and cutouts; you now have the liberty of having these custom coins represent your specific intent perfectly. But technology can only go as far as alter the physical aesthetics of the challenge coin. Over the course of time, it is not the design that defines the challenge coin but its significance.

In the military, the challenge coin is still synonymous with being acknowledged as a proud member of the unit. But as time passed by, the significance of the challenge coin became more than a medallion of recognition but also a token of appreciation. This means that in today’s context, these coins are not just presented by high-ranking officials of the military to strengthen the unity of their units, but also to acknowledge and appreciate the services and sacrifices made by each member. Special challenge coins are also being minted and presented by military leaders to serve as awards to soldiers who have exceeded expectations in their time of service.

As the utilization of the challenge coins grew more popular over time, everything they symbolize inside the military have reached the civilians. This means that today, these custom coins are not only used for military, but also for organizations and companies.

More and more organizations and companies are starting to see the potential of challenge coins as a means to solidify internal camaraderie as well as to praise exemplary performance. This practice of recognizing the contributions of employees led to higher productivity; after all, a simple acknowledgement can go a long way in encouraging staff to always do and be their best as members of the company. In addition to that, having custom coins minted for your team gives members a sense of belonging and helps them to genuinely recognize themselves with the organization’s corporate culture and core values.

So if you are a leader looking for new ways to effectively show your gratitude towards your members, take a leaf out of the military’s book and try the little old school tradition of giving out custom coins! It will be a great reminder of your appreciation to their loyalty as well as a perfect token to celebrate their achievements and important contributions to making the organization the best it can be. Remember, one small act of gratitude could change a person’s attitude towards life, and one small change in a person’s self-esteem could make a big difference in your group.

After all, small does not always mean insignificant, right?

January 21, 2015